Issue: July 7, 2007
Fern didn't grow in Alamogordo
We moved to Alamogordo from El Paso 2 years ago. This spring we began a complete work-over of our back yard, which will be in progress for a couple years yet. We have a shady corner of the yard which has high walls on the east and north sides and a large ash tree that has spread over the patio. Only the west side of this bed under the tree receives sunlight and that is late afternoon. This is enough sun to make my new astilbes wilt. This spring I ordered astilbe, bleeding heart, and the ostrich plume fern from a seed catalog. The nursery catalog showed all 3 of these plants were OK for our area of the hardiness chart displayed in their catalog. The astilbe and bleeding hearts came up right away (planted 3rd week of May). However, the ferns have not come up. About 12 days ago I dug the roots of a couple of them, and discovered no growth whatsoever. I planted them in good soil by the wall, thinking that would be the coolest area, and about 1.5 to 2" deep.
Do you have any suggestions as to what I should do to get these to grow? Are there other ferns that would be better suited to our climate?
The ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris) is native to much cooler environments than Alamogordo (or most other parts of New Mexico). Your plant may be waiting for cooler weather to begin growth. However, there is a possibility that the plant did not survive transit from the nursery. Were there any new (white roots) when you dug the plants? Was the crown of the plant firm, or were there signs it was beginning to decay. If so, the fern may be dead.
If you do continue to try to grow the ostrich fern, consider the fact that it is native to environments with continuously moist, very organic and acidic soils. The hardiness zone map indicates that it has a wide hardiness range, but these other environmental factors must also be considered. Alamogordo (and New Mexico) doesn't provide the required soil environment. It will take considerable effort to modify the soil and maintain sufficient moisture for it to grow here. Our dry heat and calcareous soils will create challenges. Irrigation water with dissolved mineral salts compounds the problems. It may be possible to grow it in Alamogordo, but it will not be easy. You will need to frequently replace the soil as mineral salts accumulate, and you should use rainwater whenever possible to dilute these minerals that accumulate from your irrigation water. The heat will be more difficult to overcome. Perhaps the shady location will provide enough cooling for the ostrich fern to grow.
The bleeding heart and astilbe are also plants native to cooler climates with moist, organic, acid soils. They may grow here, but they will also require special care. Of these two, the bleeding heart will probably be the least trouble to grow in Alamogordo.
For more gardening information, visit the NMSU Extension publications World Wide Web site at http://www.cahe.nmsu.edu/pubs/_h.
Send your gardening questions to:
Yard and Garden, ATTN: Dr. Curtis Smith
NMSU Cooperative Extension Service
9301 Indian School Road, NE, Suite 112
Albuquerque, NM 87112
Curtis W. Smith, Ph.D., is an Extension Horticulture Specialist with New Mexico State University's Cooperative Extension Service. New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator.