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July 13, 2013

1- Grape plants has been severely damaged by small greenish/gold beetles with segmented antennae.

Yard and Garden July 13, 2013

Q.

One of my grape plants has been severely damaged by small (about .25 inch) greenish/gold beetles with segmented antennae.

Curtis S.

Albuquerque

A.

Yes, dear readers, this is my own question about a problem in my garden. Dr. Carol Sutherland, NMSU Extension Entomology Specialist, provided the following information. "I would bet you have 'Altica', a metallic greenish flea beetle that fits that size description. In bright light they might have a gold glint to them; in dimmer light, they will appear more bluish. The bottom line is they chew tiny holes in the leaf blades---of grapes, a variety of garden vegetables (especially those with 'hairless' leaves), and flowering plants. They can jump super-Olympic distances when disturbed---as well as fly. They can also gang up on foliage to the point they are all you can see on certain leaves. Sometimes, they do not know when to quit---and will chew down the leaf blades to the midribs.

Any Sevin product labeled for grape will certainly provide control of this pest. Alternatively you can try products with pyrethrins. Reports indicate that insecticidal soaps make the beetles really clean, but they do not seem to discourage them. Neem/azadirachtin products are iffy."

Dr. Sutherland's advice was accurate and her control information worked. The name flea beetle is appropriate because these beetles can jump so quickly they seem to disappear from before your eyes.

If you find unknown insects damaging the plants in your garden, samples of the insect and a proper identification of the plants affected by the insects can be taken to your local NMSU Cooperative Extension Service office. The Extension Service will obtain an identification of the insect and provide management options.

For more gardening information, visit the NMSU Extension publications Web site at http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/_h, or to read past articles of Yard and Garden go to http://aces.nmsu.edu/pubs/periodicals.html

Send your gardening questions to:

Yard and Garden, Attn: Dr. Curtis Smith
NMSU Agricultural Science Center
1036 Miller Rd.
SW, Los Lunas, NM 87031.

Curtis W. Smith, Ph.D., is an Extension Horticulture Specialist emeritus with New Mexico State University's Cooperative Extension Service. NMSU and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating