Common Weeds of Quay County
Description: Puncture vine is an annual herb growing flat along the ground, from a simple, woody taproot.
*Small yellow flowers are borne on short stalks, 5 petals, 5 sepals and 10 stamens.
*Leaves are opposite, oblong and have short stalks. They are 1 to 3 inches long and pinnately compound (having leaflets). Each leaflet is 1/4 inch long.
*Stems are numerous and up to 6 feet long. They form a dense mat.
*Seeds are a woody burr with sharp, rigid spines.
*Found in pastures, roadsides, waste places, parks, agricultural areas.
Treatment: Control plants prior to seed production with a hoe or shovel, herbicides are effective
Description: Annual herbaceous plant with a deep taproot. Grows 1.6 to 4.9 feet tall.
Flowers small and green, grouped in clusters in the upper leaf axils and on terminal spikes
Stems are upright, spreading with many branches, hairs on the upper parts of stems, sometimes tinged red
Leaves are alternate arranged, 1 to 2 inches long, narrow to lance shaped with smooth, hairy edges and may have silky hairs on undersides
Seeds form a small inflated seed bearing structure that are wedge-shaped and light brown and can produce around 15,000 seeds per plant, in fall plants disperse similar to tumbleweeds
Found in pasture, rangeland, roadsides, ditch banks, wastelands and cultivated fields
Treatment: Mowing or slashing the plants before flowering, Early tillage in the spring, herbicides are effective
Description: Annual, erect plant, up to 6 ft tall Flowers are 4 inches in diameter with pink petals and a cream colored center looks somewhat like a thistle No prickly characteristics like thistles Flowers May - August Leaves are rough 4 inch long lanced shaped The common name comes from the underside of the inflorescence which looks like a basket weave pattern
Habitat: Sandy to loamy-clay soil, roadsides, disturbed areas, overgrazed pastures Highly cultivated in the Southwest and Central US Livestock/wildlife Very little value for either