Small Deciduous Trees

Site Legend

  • E - Plants designated as low or moderate water use on the El Paso County Suggested Plant List are indicated as "E".
  • L - Plants designated as low or moderate water use on the Las Cruces Plant List will be indicated as "L".

Water Requirement:

  • H = High water use. Either large volumes or frequent application of water is needed throughout the life of the plant; weekly or more often during peak summer months.
  • M = Moderate water use. Some supplemental water is needed throughout the life of the plant; at least twice monthly during peak summer months once established.
  • L = Low water use. Able to survive once established without supplemental water; water needed at least once a month for plants to look their best.

Soils Suitability:

  • Suitable for any soil unless specific one listed.


  • Plants with high pollen production are indicated as "P"
Scientific name Common nameWaterHeightSunlightSoil
Albizia julibrissin - EL Mimosa, Silk TreeM20'Full
Celtis reticulata - EL Western HackberryM20-30'Full
Cercis occidentalis - L Western RedbudM16'Full
Cercis reniformis - L 'Texas' Redbud Mto 25'Part/Full
Chilopsis X Catalpa - EL Chitalpa Mto 25'Full
Chilopsis linearis - EL Desert WillowLto 25'FullSandy
Cotinus coggygria - L Smoketree M30'FullSandy
Crataegus ambigua - E Russian HawthornM/H15-25'Part/Full
Crataegus crus-galli Thornless Cockspur 'Inermis' HawthornM30'Full
Crataegus laevigata English HawthornM/H15-25'Part/Full
Eleagnus angustifolia - EL Russian OliveM40'Full
Fraxinus cuspidata Fragrant AshMto 20'Full
Gleditsia triacanthos - EL Honey LocustM80'Full
Koelreuteria paniculata - E Golden RaintreeM20-35'Full
Melia azedarach - EL - 'Umbracu liformis' Common Chinaberry, Texas Umbrella TreeLto 40'Full
Prosopis juliflora glandulosa - EL Honey MesquiteL/M Full
Prosopis pubescens - EL Peru Mesquite M Full
Ptelea trifoliatav HoptreeM20'Full
Quercus gambeli Gambel's OakM20-30'Full
Raphiolepis indica India hawthorn
Rhus lanceolata - L Prairie Flameleaf SumacMto 25'Part/Full
Robinia neomexicana New Mexico Locust Mto 25'Full
Sambucus mexicana - E Mexican Elder L/Mto 20'Full
Sapindus drummondii - EL Western Soapberry M20-40'Full
Zizyphus jujuba - L Common JujubeL/M20-30'Full