James W. Cain, III

James W. Cain III
Image of ... James W. Cain III

Title: Assistant Leader - Wildlife and Affiliate Associate Professor

Research Area: Wildlife-habitat Relationships, Large Mammal Ecology, Wildlife Management and Conservation

Office Location: Knox 123

Email Address: jwcain@nmsu.edu

Office Phone: 575-646-3382

Office Fax: 575-646-1281

Education:

  • Ph.D., Wildlife and Fisheries Science, University of Arizona, 2006
  • M.S., Biological Conservation, California State University-Sacramento, 2001
  • B.S., Biological Science, Colorado State University, 1997

Professional Experience:

  • 2010-Present: Assistant Unit Leader-Wildlife, U.S. Geological Survey, New Mexico Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, Department of Fish, Wildlife and Conservation Ecology, New Mexico State University
  • 2015-Present: Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Fish, Wildlife and Conservation Ecology, New Mexico State University
  • 2015-Present: Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Biology, New Mexico State University
  • 2010-2015: Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Fish, Wildlife and Conservation Ecology, New Mexico State University
  • 2010-2015: Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department of Biology, New Mexico State University
  • 2010-2013: Adjunct Assistant Professor, Department Biological and Environmental Science, Texas A&M University-Commerce
  • 2008-Present: Honorary Research Fellow, Center for African Ecology, School of Animal, Plant & Environmental Science, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
  • 2008-2010: Assistant Professor, Department Biological and Environmental Science, Texas A&M University-Commerce
  • 2006-2008: Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Center for African Ecology, School of Animal, Plant & Environmental Science, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa

Research Interests: My research interests are primarily in wildlife-habitat relationships, population ecology, and the influence of management practices on native wildlife species. I am interested in using a rigorous scientific approach to address applied questions related to ecology, conservation and management of large mammals and birds.

  • Effects of environmental heterogeneity on habitat selection, resource use, movements and the landscape-level distribution of large mammals. Specifically I am interested in how spatial and temporal variation in habitat characteristics, resources and constraints on resource use (e.g., predation risk) influence the movement, habitat selection and distribution of large mammals at multiple spatial scales.
  • Influence of habitat characteristics and resources on demographic rates and the subsequent influence on population ecology.
  • Impact of natural resource management activities on wildlife populations.

Current Research Projects:

  • Elk demography, movements and habitat selection in the Mexican wolf recovery area in Arizona and New Mexico.
  • Estimation of mountain lion density in New Mexico.
  • Population trajectories and extinction probabilities for populations of large ungulates in the arid Southwest.
  • Influence of anthropogenic water on puma habitat use and prey selection in arid ecosystems.
  • Adaptation of a novel hybrid double observer-sightability model to improve aerial surveys for desert bighorn sheep in the Southwest.
  • An estimate of abundance and an assessment of the efficacy of sterilization techniques for the control of wild burro populations.
  • The ecological web contributing to a sarcoptic mange epizootic in coyotes of the Mojave Desert, Fort Irwin California.
  • Responses of large mammals to forest restoration treatments in the southwest Jemez Mountains, New Mexico.

Selected Publications:

  • Roerick, T.M.,J.W. Cain III, and J.V. Gedir. 2019. Forest restoration, wildfire and habitat selection by female mule deer. Forest Ecology and Management 447:169-179.
  • Gould, M.J., W.R. Gould, J.W. Cain III, and G.W Roemer. 2019. Validating performance of occupancy models for estimating habitat use and predicting the distribution of highly-mobile species: a case study using the American black bear. Biological Conservation 234:28-36.
  • Cain, J.W. III, R.C. Karsch, E.J. Goldstein, E.M. Rominger, and W.R. Gould. 2019. Survival and cause-specific mortality of desert bighorn sheep lambs. Journal of Wildlife Management 83:251-259.
  • Amirkhiz, R.G., J.K. Frey, J.W. Cain III, S.W. Breck, D.L. Bergman. 2018. Predicting spatial factors associated with cattle depredations by the Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi) with recommendations for depredation risk modeling. Biological Conservation 224:327-335.
  • J.W. Cain III, J.B. Ashling, and S.G. Liley. 2018. Survival and cause-specific mortality of translocated female mule deer in southern New Mexico, USA. Wildlife Research 45:325-335.
  • Tatman, N.M., S.G. Liley, J.W. Cain III, and J.W. Pitman. 2018. Effects of nutrition and calf predation on elk vital rates in New Mexico. Journal of Wildlife Management 82:1417-1428.
  • Gould, M.J., J.W. Cain III, G.W. Roemer, W.R. Gould, and S. G. Liley. 2018. Density of American black bears in New Mexico. Journal of Wildlife Management 82:775-788.
  • Roberts, C.P., J.W. Cain III, and R.D. Cox. 2017. Identifying ecologically-relevant scales of habitat selection: behavioral patterns reveal dial-scale selection in elk. Ecosphere 8: art e02013.
  • J.W. Cain III, J.V. Gedir, P.R. Krausman, J.P. Marshal, J.D. Allen, G.C. Duff, B.D. Jansen, and J.R,.Morgart. 2017. Extreme precipitation variability, forage quality and large herbivore diet selection in arid environments. Oikos 126: 1459-1471.
  • J.W. Cain III, M.M. Avery, C.C. Caldwell, L.B. Abbot, and J.L. Holechek. . 2017. Diet composition, quality, and overlap of sympatric American pronghorn and gemsbok. Wildlife Biology wlb00296:1-10.
  • Roberts, C.P., J.W. Cain III, and R.D. Cox. 2016. Application of activity sensors for estimating behavioral patterns. Wildlife Society Bulletin 40:764-771.
  • Kindschuh, S.R., J.W. Cain III, D. Daniel and M.A. Peyton. 2016. Efficacy of GPS cluster analysis for predicting carnivory sites of a wide-ranging omnivore: the American black bear. Ecosphere 7: art e01513.
  • Doyle, J.M. T.E. Katzner, G.W. Roemer, J.W. Cain III, B. Millsap, C. McIntyre, S.A. Sonsthagen, N. Fernandez, M. Wheeler, Z. Bulut, P. Bloom, and J.A. DeWoody. 2016. Genetic structure and viability selection in the Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), a vagile raptor with a holarctic distribution. Conservation Genetics 17:1307-1322.
  • Karsch, R.C., J.W. Cain III, E.M. Rominger, and E.J. Goldstein. 2016. Desert bighorn lambing habitat: Parturition, lamb nursery, and predation sites. Journal of Wildlife Management 80:1069-1080
  • Gedir, J.V., J.W. Cain III, P.R. Krausman, J.D. Allen, G.C. Duff, and J.R. Morgart. 2016. Potential foraging decisions by a desert ungulate to balance water and nutrient intake in a water-stressed environment. PLoS ONE 11(2):e0148795.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0148795.
  • Garrison, K.R., J.W. Cain III, E.M. Rominger, and E.J. Goldstein. 2016. Sympatric cattle grazing and desert bighorn sheep foraging. Journal of Wildlife Management 80:197-207.
  • Gedir, J.V., J.W. Cain III, G. Harris, and T.T. Turnbull. 2015. Effects of climate change on long-term population growth of pronghorn in an arid environment. Ecosphere 6: art 189.
  • Kramer, D.W., G.E. Sorensen, C.A. Taylor R.D. Cox, P.S. Gibson, and J.W. Cain III. 2015. Ungulate exclusion conifer thinning and mule deer forage in northeastern New Mexico. Journal of Arid Environments 113:29-34.
  • O'Shaughnessy, R., J.W. Cain III, N. Owen-Smith. 2014. Comparative diet and habitat selection of puku and lechwe in northern Botswana. Journal of Mammalogy 95:933-942.
  • Pitman, J.W., J.W. Cain III, S.G. Liley, W.R. Gould, N.T. Quintana, and W.B. Ballard. 2014. Post-parturition habitat selection by elk calves and adult female elk in New Mexico. Journal of Wildlife Management 78:1216-1227.
  • Lewis, J.D., J.W. Cain III, and R. Denkhaus. 2014. Home range and habitat selection of an inland alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) population at the northwestern edge of the distribution range. Southeastern Naturalist 13:261-279.
  • Smith, J.B., D.P. Walsh, E.J. Goldstein, Z.D. Parsons, R.C. Karsch, J.R. Stiver, J.W. Cain III, K.J. Raedeke, and J.A. Jenks. 2014. Techniques for capturing bighorn sheep lambs. Wildlife Society Bulletin 38:165-174.
  • Turnbull, T.T., J.W. Cain III, and G.W. Roemer. 2013. Anthropogenic impacts to the recovery of the Mexican wolf with a focus on trapping-related incidents. Wildlife Society Bulletin 37:311-318.
  • Macandza, V.A., N. Owen-Smith, and J.W. Cain, III. 2012. Habitat and resource partitioning between abundant and relatively rare grazing ungulates. Journal of Zoology 287:175-185.
  • Macandza, V.A., N. Owen-Smith, and J.W. Cain, III. 2012. Dynamic spatial partitioning and coexistence among tall grass grazers in an African savanna. Oikos 121:891-898.
  • J.W. Cain III, N. Owen-Smith, and V.A. Macandza. 2012. The costs of drinking: relative water dependency of sable antelope and zebra. Journal of Zoology 286.58-67.
  • Smith, K.N., J.W. Cain, III, M.L. Morrison, and R.N. Wilkins. 2012. A Novel Songbird Nest Predator: The Greater Arid Land Katydid. American Midland Naturalist 167:210-212.
  • Flesch, A.D., C.W. Epps, J.W. Cain, III, M. Clark, P.R. Krausman, and J.R. Morgart. 2010. Potential effects of the United States-Mexico Border fence on wildlife. Conservation Biology 24:171-181.
  • Marshal, J.P., J.W. Cain, III, V.C. Bleich, and S.S. Rosenstock. 2009. Intrinsic and extrinsic sources of variation in the dynamics of large herbivore populations. Canadian Journal of Zoology 87:103-111.
  • Smith, S.M. and J.W. Cain, III. 2009. Foraging efficiency and vigilance behavior of impala: the influence of herd size and neighbor density. African Journal of Ecology 47:109-118.
  • J.W. Cain III, P.R. Krausman, J.R. Morgart, B.D. Jansen, and M.B. Pepper. 2008. Responses of desert bighorn sheep to the removal of water sources. Wildlife Monographs 171.
  • Magome, H., J.W. Cain, III, N. Owen-Smith, and S.R. Henley. 2008. Forage selection of sable antelope in Pilanesberg Game Reserve, South Africa. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 38:35-41.
  • Owen-Smith, N. and J.W. Cain, III. 2007. Indicators of adaptive responses in home range utilization and movement patterns by a large mammalian herbivore. Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution 53:423-438.
  • J.W. Cain III, K.S. Smallwood, H.L. Loffland, and M.L. Morrison. 2006. Influence of mammal activity on nesting success of passerines. Journal of Wildlife Management 70:522-531.
  • J.W. Cain III, H.E. Johnson, and P.R. Krausman. 2005. Wildfire and desert bighorn sheep habitat, Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. Southwestern Naturalist 50:506-513.
  • J.W. Cain III, M.L. Morrison, and H.L. Bombay. 2003. Influence of predator activity on the nest success of willow flycatchers and yellow warblers. Journal of Wildlife Management 67:600-610.