Brian Schutte

Image of Brian Schutte

Title: Associate Professor

Research Area: Weed Science

Office Location: 945 College Ave MSC 3BE, Skeen Hall N224, Las Cruces, NM, 88003

Laboratory Location: Skeen Hall W241

Email Address:

Office Phone: 575-646-7082


  • BA in Botany & Political Science, Miami University, 1999
  • MSc in Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State University, 2002
  • PhD in Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State University, 2007

Brian Schutte - Research Interest

The goal of my research program is to develop weed management strategies that are appropriate for agricultural ecosystems in the southwestern United States. For many weed species, reserves of seeds in soil (i.e., seed banks) are critical to long-term population growth rates. Accordingly, my research aims to develop tactics that directly target weed seed banks. Previous projects have clarified weed seed defenses, seed-predator interactions and abiotic factors that influence weed seed fate. Currently, my research group is conducting field and laboratory experiments on seed mortality and seedbank dynamics of agricultural weeds of southern New Mexico. In addition to enhancing knowledge of weed seed survival, we hope to provide farmers the information needed to deplete weed seed banks through natural ecological processes including seed decay and fatal germination.

Additional projects in my laboratory focus on the development of applicable management strategies for weeds in New Mexico crops including chile pepper, onion and canola. The general approach is to manage weeds using combinations of herbicides and cultural practices. Through diversification, our goal is to make weed management programs more reliable and more cost-effective in the long-term.


Picchioni, G.A., T. N. Hooks, B. J. Schutte, M. K. Shukla, D. L. Daniel. Halophyte ion regulation traits support saline adaptation of Lepidium latifolium, L. draba, and L. alyssoides. Plant Ecology. In press

Schutte, B. J., A. Rashid, J. B. Wood, I. Marquez. Colorimetric assay for detecting mechanical damage to weed seeds. Weed Technology. In press

Elias, E. H., R. Flynn, J. Idowu, J. Reyes, S. Sanogo, B. J. Schutte, R. Smith, C. Steele, C. Sutherland. 2019. Crop vulnerability to weather and climate risk: Analysis of interacting systems and adaptation efficacy for sustainable crop production. Sustainability 11(23)

Kankarla, V., M.K. Shukla, D. VanLeeuwen, B. J. Schutte, G.A. Picchioni. 2019. Growth, evapotranspiration, and ion uptake characteristics of alfalfa and triticale irrigated with brackish groundwater and desalination concentrate. Agronomy 9(12) 789

Murray, L., B. J. Schutte, C. Sutherland, L. Beck, A. Ganguli, E. A. Lehnhoff. 2019. Integrating conventional management methods with biological control for enhanced tamarix management. Invasive Plant Science and Management 12:176-185

Murray, L., B. J. Schutte, A. C. Ganguli, E. A. Lehnhoff. 2019. Impacts of Tamarix (L.) litter and mycorrhizal amendments on Baccharis salicifolia (Ruiz & Pav.) Pers. competitiveness and mycorrhizal colonization. Agronomy 9, 453

Schutte, B. J., E. A. Lehnhoff, L. L. Beck. 2019. Evaluation of POST-directed applications of flumioxazin in New Mexico chile pepper. Weed Technology 33:135-141

Schroeder, J., M. Barrett, D. R. Shaw, A. R. Asmus, H. Coble, D. Ervin, R. A. Jussaume, M. D. K. Owen, I. Burke, C. F. Creech, A. S. Culpepper, W. S. Curran, D. M. Dodds, T. A. Gaines, J. L. Gunsolus, B. D. Hanson, P. Jha, A. E. Klodd, A. R. Kniss, R. G. Leon, S. McDonald, D. W. Morishita, B. J. Schutte, C. L. Sprague, P. W. Stahlman, L. E. Steckel, M. J. VanGessel. 2018. Managing wicked herbicide-resistance: lessons from the field. Weed Technology 32:475-488.

Schroeder, J., M. Barrett, D. R. Shaw, A. R. Asmus, H. Coble, D. Ervin, R. A. Jussaume, M. D. K. Owen, I. Burke, C. F. Creech, A. S. Culpepper, W. S. Curran, D. M. Dodds, T. A. Gaines, J. L. Gunsolus, B. D. Hanson, P. Jha, A. E. Klodd, A. R. Kniss, R. G. Leon, S. McDonald, D. W. Morishita, B. J. Schutte, C. L. Sprague, P. W. Stahlman, L. E. Steckel, M. J. VanGessel. 2018. Managing herbicide-resistance: listening to the perspectives of practitioners. Procedures for Conducting Listening Sessions and an Evaluation of the Process. Weed Technology 32:489-497.

Hooks, T. N., G. A. Picchioni, B. J. Schutte, M. K. Shukla, D. L. Daniel. 2018. Sodium chloride effects on seed germination, growth, and water use of Lepidium alyssoides, L. draba, and L. latifolium: traits of resistance and implications for invasiveness on saline soils. Rangeland Ecology and Management 71:433-442

Hooks, T. N., G. A. Picchioni, B. J. Schutte, M. K. Shukla, D. L. Daniel, J. Ashigh. 2018. Salinity an environmental "filter" selecting for plant invasiveness? Evidence from the indigenous Lepidium alyssoides on Chihuahuan desert shrublands. Rangeland Ecology and Management 71:106-114

Gonzalez-Delgado, A., M. K. Shukla, B. J. Schutte. 2017. Effects of indaziflam application and soil manipulation on pecan evapotranspiration and gas exchange parameters. HortScience 52:910-915

Klypina, N., M. Pinch, B. J. Schutte, J. Maruthavanan, T. M. Sterling. 2017. Water-deficit stress tolerance differs between two locoweed genera (Astragalus and Oxytropis) with fungal endophytes. Weed Science 65:626-638

Landau, C. A., B. J. Schutte, A. O. Mesbah, S. V. Angadi. 2017. Flixweed (Descuraina sophia) shade tolerance and possibilities for flixweed management using rapeseed seeding rate. Weed Technology 31:477-486

Flores, A. M., M. K. Shukla, B. J. Schutte, G. A. Picchioni, D. L. Daniel. 2017. Physiologic response of six plant species grown in two contrasting soils and irrigated brackish groundwater and RO concentrate. Arid Land Research and Management 31:182-203

Schutte, B. J. 2017. Measuring interference from mid-season tall morningglory to develop a model for teaching weed seedbank effects on chile pepper. Weed Technology 31:155-164

Singla, S., K. Grover, S. V. Angadi, B. J. Schutte, D. VanLeeuwen. 2016. Guar stand establishment, physiology, and yield responses to planting date in southern New Mexico. Agronomy Journal 108:2289-2300

Davis, A. S., X. Fu, B. J. Schutte, M. A. Berhow, J. W. Dalling. 2016. Interspecific variation in persistence of buried weed seeds follows trade-offs among physiological, chemical and physical seed defences. Journal of Applied Ecology 6:6836-6845

Schutte, B. J., N. Klypin, M. K. Shukla. 2016. Influence of irrigation timing on disturbance-induced reductions in soil seedbank density. Weed Science 64:613-623

Flores, A. M., M. K. Shukla, D. Daniel, A. L. Ulery, B. J. Schutte, G. A. Picchioni, S. Fernald. 2016. Evapotranspiration changes with irrigation using saline groundwater and RO concentrate. Journal of Arid Environments 131:35-45

Regnier, E. E., S. K. Harrison, M. M. Loux, C. Holloman, R. Venkatesh, F. Diekman, R. Taylor, R. A. Ford, D. E. Stoltenberg, R. G. Hartzler, A. S. Davis, B. J. Schutte, J. Cardina, K. J. Mahoney, W. G. Johnson. 2016. Certified crop advisors' perceptions of giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida) distribution, herbicide resistance and management in the Corn Belt. Weed Science 64:361-377

Evans, J. A., P. J. Tranel, A. G. Hager, B. J. Schutte, C. Wu, L. A. Chatham, A. S. Davis. 2016. Managing the evolution of herbicide resistance. Pest Management Science 72:74-80

Flores, A. M., B. J. Schutte, M. K. Shukla, G. A. Picchioni, A. L. Ulery. 2015. Time-integrated measurements of seed germination for salt-tolerant plant species. Seed Science and Technology 43: 541-547

Schutte B. J., A. E. Cunningham. 2015. Tall morningglory (Ipomoea purpurea) seedbank density effects on pendimethalin control outcomes. Weed Technology 29:844-853.

Davis, A. S., B. J. Schutte, A. G. Hager, B. G. Young. 2015. Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) damage niche in Illinois soybean is seed-limited. Weed Science 63:658-668.

Schutte, B. J., L. Lauriault. 2015. Nutritive value of field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis) roots as a potential livestock feed and the effect of Aceria malherbae on root components. Weed Technology 29:329-334.

Schutte, B. J., A. S. Davis, S. A. Peinado, J. Ashigh. 2014. Seed coat thickness data clarifies seed size-seed bank persistence trade-offs in Abutilon theophrasti (Malvaceae). Seed Science Research 24:119-131.

Schutte, B. J., A. S. Davis. 2014. Do common waterhemp (Amaranthus rudis) seedling emergence patterns meet criteria for herbicide resistance simulation modeling? Weed Technology 28:408-417.

Schutte, B. J., B. J. Tomasek, A. S. Davis, L. Andersson, D. L. Benoit, A. Cirujeda, J. Dekker, F. Forcella, J. L. Gonzalez-Andujar, F. Graziani, A. J. Murdoch, P. Neve, I. A. Rasmussen, B. Sera, J. Salonen, F. Tei, K. S. Torresen, J. M. Urbano. 2014. An investigation to enhance understanding of the stimulation of weed seedling emergence by soil disturbance. Weed Research 54:1-12.

Schutte, B. J., S.E. Wortman, J. L. Lindquist, A. S. Davis. 2013. Maternal environment effects on phenolic defenses in Abutilon theophrasti seeds. American Journal of Plant Sciences 4:1127-1133. DOI:10.4236/ajps.2013.45139

Wortman, S. E., A. S. Davis, B. J. Schutte, J. L. Lindquist, J. Cardina, J. Felix, C. Sprague, A. Dille, A., Ramirez, G. Reicks, S. A. Clay. 2012. Local conditions, not spatial gradients, drive demographic variation of Ambrosia trifida and Helianthus annuus across northern U.S. maize belt. Weed Science 60:440-450.

Matlaga, D. P., B. J. Schutte, A. S. Davis. 2012. Age-dependent vital rates of the bioenergy crop Miscanthus x giganteus in Illinois. Invasive Plant Science & Management 5:238-248

Williams II, M. M., B. J. Schutte, Y. So. 2012. Maternal corn environment influences wild proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) seed characteristics. Weed Science 60:69-74

Schutte, B. J., E. E. Regnier, S. K. Harrison. 2012. Seed dormancy and adaptive seedling emergence timing in giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida). Weed Science 60:19-26

Wortman, S. E., A. S. Davis, B. J. Schutte, J. L. Lindquist. 2011. Integrating management of soil nitrogen and weeds. Weed Science 59:162-170

Dalling, J. W., A. S. Davis, B. J. Schutte, and A. E. Arnold. 2011. A framework for a seed defence theory: integrating predation, dormancy and the soil microbial community. Journal of Ecology 99:89-95

Davis, A. S., D. Daedlow, B. J .Schutte, P. R. Westerman. 2011. Temporal scaling of episodic point estimates of weed seed predation to long-term predation rates. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2:682-690.

Schutte, B. J., A. G. Hager and A. S. Davis. 2010. Repeat applications of glyphosate on custom applied, glyphosate-resistant soybeans in Illinois: how many and why. Weed Technology 24:590-598

Schutte, B. J., E. R. Haramoto and A. S. Davis. 2010. Methods for optimizing seed mortality experiments. Weed Technology 24:599-606

Schutte, B. J., J. Liu, A. S. Davis, S. K. Harrison and E. E. Regnier. 2010. Environmental factors that influence the association of an earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris L.) and an annual weed (Ambrosia trifida L.) in no-till agricultural fields across the eastern U.S. Corn Belt. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 138:197-205

Schutte, B. J., A. S. Davis, K. A. Renner and J. Cardina. 2008. Maternal and burial environment effects on seed mortality of velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) and giant foxtail (Setaria faberi). Weed Science 56:834-840

Schutte, B. J., E. E. Regnier and S. K. Harrison. 2008. The association between seed size and seed longevity among maternal families in Ambrosia trifida L. populations. Seed Science Research 18:201-211

Davis, A. S., B. J. Schutte, J. Iannuzzi and K. A. Renner. 2008. Chemical and physical defenses of weed seeds in relation to soil seedbank persistence. Weed Science 56:676-684

Schutte, B. J., E. E. Regnier, S. K. Harrison, J. T. Schmoll, K. Spokas, F. Forcella. 2008. A hydrothermal seedling emergence model for giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida). Weed Science 56:555-560

Schutte, B. and M. Knee. 2005. The effects of rudimentary embryos and elevated oxygen on seed dormancy of Eryngium yuccifolium Michx. (Apiaceae). Seed Science and Technology 33:53-62