Jujubes Fresh Eating
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AmeriZao® Alcalde #1 (Qiyuexian)
AmeriZao® Alcalde #1 (Qiyuexian): Recent importation from China. An early cultivar with big fruit and good quality. Precocious and productive. Fully mature in mid-September at Alcalde NM. Good potential in marginal regions.
Chico: From the USDA Plant Introduction Station at Chico, CA. Fruit is flat like a miniature apple. Good fresh eating cultivar. Has more tart flavor than most jujube cultivars. Popular in Western Australia. Very precocious and productive. One tree produced 8 lb of fruit at the second year after planting at Los Lunas, NM. Can be useful in processing with its high acid content.
AmeriZao® Dabailing: Recent importation from China. Very big fruit. Bell shaped as its name. Precocious and productive. Good for fresh eating. Mature later than Li.
AmeriZao® Daguazao: Recent importation from China. Big fruit and very productive. Mature later than Li.
AmeriZao® Gaga: Recent importation from China. Small fruit, pointed at both ends, football shaped. Excellent fresh eating quality. Good looking fruit, also nice back yard trees. Early- to mid-season.
HoneyJar: Small fruit like a little sugar ball, excellent fresh eating quality. Can produce fruit in grafting year with good productivity for young trees. Curly leaves. A good tree to have for home gardeners. Its small size may limit its commercial value until consumers accept its size.
AmeriZao® Jing-39: Recent importation from China. A late cultivar with big fruit. Very good for fresh eating.
Li: One of the two dominant jujube cultivars in the U.S. which was imported by Frank Meyer from China in 1914. Li was one of the four recommended cultivars from USDA Chico Station in 1920s. Li has big, round fruit, very good for fresh eating. The fruit size at NMSU Los Lunas was larger than those produced at Alcalde, NM (pictured). Mid-season and self-fertile. It is the most popular jujube cultivar in the U.S. Li can be pruned heavily and rely on current year's shoot fruiting for fresh eating in long growing season areas like California.
Li-2: It was from Roger Meyer in California. Matures later than Li and is more productive than Li. Good fresh eating cultivar.
AmeriZao® Maya: Small, good looking football shaped or tooth shaped fruit, pointed on both ends. Nice color, very attractive fruit. Excellent fresh eating quality. Early- to mid-season cultivar.
Redland: Originated in California. Fruit larger than Li. The largest fruit was 75g at Alcalde, NM. Matures later than Li. Very productive.
Russian 2: Small, dark-colored fruit, pointed at far end. Juicy and crispy, excellent fresh eating quality. Early fruiting and productive. Great for home gardeners.
Shanxi Li: Shanxi has become popular in the last 30 years in China. Big fruit, very good fresh eating cultivar. Similar to Li, early fruiting and productive. It can be pruned heavily and produce well on the current year's shoots.
Topeka: A cultivar originated in Kansas State. Very late fresh eating cultivar. Too late for northern New Mexico. Limited information.
AmeriZao® Zaocuiwang: Recent importation from China. Big, round fruit with a smaller stem end. Longer branchlets than others. Early- to mid-season fresh eating cultivar. Very good fruit quality.
AmeriZao® Sandia: Recent importation from China. Medium sized round fruit. Crispy texture, excellent fresh eating quality. Near maturity, it has light brown patches first before the red / brown color. More primary shoots with curly leaves than most cultivars, but fewer than sugarcane. Has some similarities with Dongzao (Winter jujube, very late in season, most popular fresh eating cultivar in China). Limited information in the U.S.