Narcissus spp.

Image of Daffodil
Whole Plant

Rease Justin Harker, Agro / Hort 100G Spring 2002

Narcissus starts off as a bulb and can grow to a height of ft to 1 ft. and can have a width of ft. They do well in full sun to partial shade. These plants are ideal for their fragrance and aesthetics. In early spring to late fall, their blooms are commonly recognized as an elongated trumpet shape or tea cup like appearance and range from 1 inch to 3 inches in diameter. Their flower colors vary as yellow and white. The propagation of these plants can either be seed or division. These plants do well in well-drained soils (do not water log the soil) and can grow in zones of 3-10.

Narcissus is also known as "the flower of death." In Greek mythology there was once a handsome, young, man named Narcissus. Narcissus was in love with himself that one day as he was looking at a brook he drowned as he tried to embrace his reflection. At the place where he died grew a beautiful flower that is today known as Narcissus.

WARNING: The entire plant contains poisonous alkaloids known as narcitine and narcicysteine. Do Not Eat or Let Pets or Animals Eat This Plant.

Natalie R. Martinez, Agro / Hort 100G Spring 2002

The Narcissus spp. belongs to the Amaryllidaceous family, which includes the Daffodil. There are as many as 50 different recorded species of Daffodils. The flower itself ranges in a variety of colors from yellow, white, and even red. The commonly know Daffodil is usually yellow and resembles a teacup and saucer and often has a sweet fragrance.

This lovely bulb blooms from March to May and can grow to an average height of 6-18 in, tall. This monocot does best in full sun with part shade. Daffodils require moderate to low watering preferably in a soil type like sandy loam. The hardiness zone is usually 4-9 but can grow well as far south as zones 7-8.

Elizabeth Tena, AGRO / HORT 100G Spring 2002

Daffodil Narcissus are bulb perennial plants that bloom once a season. Daffodils are hardy in the heat and the cold, which makes them a good choice for a plant in the southwest. Daffodils make a nice cut flower, although some Daffodil bulbs do not bloom the first year they are planted. Bloom time in this area is early spring. In this area the majority of Daffodils seen are off white or yellow. They like full sun and part shade.

Daffodils with a nitrogen release fertilizer can grow in the predominantly alkaline soil in this area. They prefer soil that drains well but is able to retain a certain amount of moisture. When planting the Daffodil bulb it is important to keep in mind the bloom always faces the sun. Daffodils can thrive in many places including under trees, rock gardens or in containers. In this climate it is best to wait until November to plant the bulb.

Once the bulb is planted give the area an initial soak. In our arid climate it is important to soak the area periodically through the winter until blooming season. Soaking is necessary to penetrate, since bulbs grow below where they are planted. Each year the bulb increases in size. After a few years the bulb can be dug up and divided to create more plants. Certain rodents, like gophers do not eat Daffodil bulbs, which is a plus if rodents are a problem.

After the plant has bloomed and the blooms are fading it is important to fertilize to prepare the plant for the next years bloom. Fertilizing also assists the plant to increase in size.