NMSU: A Preliminary Checklist of Plant Species for the Southern Foothills of the Sacramento Mountains, Otero County, New Mexico
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A Preliminary Checklist of Plant Species for the Southern Foothills of the Sacramento Mountains, Otero County, New Mexico


Research Report 721
Joneen S. Cockman, Research Assistant, Department of Animal and Range Sciences
Rex D. Pieper, Professor, Department of Animal and Range Sciences
College of Agriculture, Consumer and Environmental Sciences New Mexico State University


Acknowledgement

The authors acknowledge financial support from the Directorate of the Environment, Natural Resources Division, Ft. Bliss, TX, and U.S. Construction Engineering Research Laboratory, Champaign, IL.

Table of Contents

Location
Climate
Soils, Vegetation, and Range Sites
Nomenclature
Literature Cited


A field study was conducted from June through September 1993 to inventory vegetation in and around ephemeral drainages in the Sacramento Mountains. The primary purpose was to describe vegetation for ephemeral drainages and evaluate drainage type, elevation, and position of the main channel relative to the surrounding watershed on the vegetation. Plant foliar cover, density, and species presence were measured in several sample locations. In the process, an extensive plant species list was developed for the area. It is presented here as a checklist of species for the southern foothills of the Sacramento Mountains. It is not intended to be a complete species list for all the foothills, but to provide a basis on which botanists and plant lovers can expand.

Location

The study area is located in Otero County on a portion of McGregor Range (Ft. Bliss Military Reserve) administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) as a wilderness study area (fig. 1). The area is situated south of the main crest of the Sacramento Mountains in Range 11 East, Township 20 South. This area borders the Lincoln National Forest on the north and is approximately 16 air km northeast from the village of Orogrande. Elevations range from 1,200 m to 1,600 m.

Fig. 1: Map showing the location of the study area.

Figure 1. The study area is located in Otero County in southern New Mexico on the north end of McGregor Range.

The study area is dissected by a large ephemeral drainage, Culp Canyon, that flows westerly from the foothills of the Sacramento Mountains to the Tularosa Basin (fig. 2). Four smaller ephemeral drainages were selected. Two of these (Indy and Carly) feed into Culp Canyon from headwaters on the north edge of Otero Mesa. The other two (Alien Temple and Four Bucks) develop in Culp Canyon and flow into the Tularosa Basin. The drainages are encompassed by a 12,955 ha (32,000 ac) grazing allotment administered by the BLM (fig. 2). Alien Temple and Four Bucks drainages dissect a submesa between the foothills and the Tularosa Basin. This area is desert grassland and uplands dominated by creosotebush. Indy and Carly drainages occupy a transition zone where blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis) is prominent on alluvial soils, and bunchgrasses and a high diversity of shrubs occupy the uplands (fig. 2).

Fig. 2: Topographical map of the study area.

Figure 2. The study area includes approximately 12,950 ha and is situated in a Bureau of Land Management grazing allotment. It is dissected by a large drainage, Culp Canyon, that flows westerly from the foothills of the Sacramento Mountains to the Tularosa Basin. Indy and Carly drainages (located in the foothills) feed into Culp Canyon from headwaters on the north edge of Otero Mesa. Alien Temple and Four Bucks drainages headwater in Culp Canyon and flow into the Tularosa Basin. Scale: Grids represent 1.6 km × 1.6 km. Source: Bureau of Land Management grazing allotment map. Dots show the location of sample areas in upper, middle, and lower elevational zones.

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Climate

McGregor Range has a variable, semiarid climate influenced by moist air masses from the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean (BLM 1980). The annual temperature across McGregor Range averages 16.7° C (62° F) at lower elevation stations (BLM 1980). The growing season extends from April to November (BLM 1980). Precipitation averages 20–25 cm annually at lower elevations, and increases to 40+ cm in the mountain foothills. Rain gauges were established throughout McGregor Range in 1971. One of these is located in the center of the study area. The BLM recorded 38.6 cm (15.2 in) average annual rainfall at this location (from 1971 to 1979). The maximum rainfall recorded for the location was 52.3 cm (20.6 in), and the minimum was 28.2 cm (11.1 in). Locally, summer thunderstorms are influenced by the Sacramento Mountains (personal observation). Most of the precipitation occurs from July to September (BLM 1980).

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Soils, Vegetation, and Range Sites

In general, soils of the area are well drained, calcareous, and frequently influenced by run off from exposed bedrock, surface cobbles, and catsteps. Whole soil mapping units are classified thermic, but may include pockets of mesic soil.

Of particular interest among soils and range sites is the overlap of Southern Desert (SD-2 and) and Canadian Plains (CP-4) classifications (table 1). The drainages are located in an ecotone that represents an important transition from the Tularosa Basin to the Sacramento Mountains. The Southern Desert range sites are influenced by an arid climate and support xeric species, most of which are warm season. The Canadian Plains range sites are influenced by a more mesic climate and support a mixture of warm and cool season plants.

Table 1. The study area’s soils, range sites, and soil families.

Soil symbol — Name Range Site Family or Higher Taxon
LOD — Lozier-Rock
   Outcrop 20–50% slope
Limestone Hills (SD-2) Loamy-skeletal, carbonatic,
thermic Lithic Calciorthids
NTD — Nickel strong slope Gravelly (SD-2) Loamy-skeletal, mixed,
thermic Typic Calciorthids
NTD — Tencee strong slope Gravelly (SD-2) Loamy-skeletal, carbonatic,
thermic, shallow Typic
Paleorthids
RRF — Rock Outcrop-Lozier
   20–65% slope
Limestone Hills (SD-2) None
ECF — Ector-Rock Outcrop
   20–50% slope
Limestone Hills (CP-4) Loamy-skeletal, carbonatic,
thermic Lithic Calciustolls

The Southern Desert range sites are located on the submesa area of the study. The Canadian Plains range sites are located in the foothills. The drainages’ vegetation corresponds to arroyo riparian vegetation of Dick-Peddie (1993). The apache plume series is similar to portions of this study’s drainages.

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Nomenclature

Plants were identified to the species level unless adequate plant material was not available. Primary references used to identify grasses were Allred (1993) and Hitchcock and Chase (1950). Primary references used to identify forbs, half-shrubs, shrubs, and trees were Correll and Johnston (1970), Martin and Hutchins (1980), and Powell (1988). Britton and Rose (1963) was used as the primary reference for cacti. Other references were used for vernacular names. Many species were vouchered and placed in the NMSU Range Science Herbarium. Vernacular names follow Soil Conservation Service (1982).

A total of 245 species, 153 genera, and 53 families were inventoried in the study area (table 2). Species richness was greater in the foothill drainages than in the submesa drainages for all species and for forbs and grasses. The number of shrubs and trees increased with elevation along the drainages. Families with the greatest number of species were the Poaceae with 47 (19.2%) and the Asteraceae with 40 (16.3%).

Table 2. List of plant species inventoried in the study area.

Family Name SCS
Acronym
Scientific Name Vernacular Name
Agavaceae AGNE4 Agave neomexicana Wooton & Standl. New Mexico agave
Anacardiaceae RHTRX*
RHTR
RHMI3
Rhus trilobata × microphylla
Rhus trilobata Nutt.
Rhus microphylla Engelm.
Hybrid sumac
Large leaf sumac
Littleleaf sumac
Apocynaceae AMSA2 Amsonia longiflora Torr. Tubular slim-pod
Asclepiadaceae ASCLE
SACR3
Asclepias spp. L.
Sarcostemma crispum benth.
Milkweed
Climbing milk-weed
Asteraceae BAAB
ZIAC
VIST
VEEN
ARLU
ACWR5
LEER
HAPLO2
GYGL
ERFL
GUSA2
BAPE
BAPT
THLO
DYTH
LYJU
CONYZ
ISWR
SAAB
GUMI
MABL2
BRBR2
BRLA
BRVE

MASO4
MAPI
HEAN2
HYSC2
PSTA
FLCE
MATA2
HYMO
MELE2
DYAC
PEFE
PAIN2
CIUN
CHPU4
Bahia absinthifolia Benth.
Zinnia acerosa (DC.) Gray
Viguera stenoloba Blake
Verbesina encelioides (Cav.) Benth. & Hook. ex Gray
Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt.
Acourtia wrightii (Gray) Reveal & R.M. King
Leucelene ericoides (Torr.) Grene
Haplopappus spp. Cass.
Gymnosperma glutinosum (Spreng.) Less.
Erigeron flagellaris Gray
Gutierezzia sarothrae (Pursh) Britton & Rusby
Bahia pedata Gray
Baccharis pteronioides DC.
Thelesperma longipes Gray
Dyssodia thurberi (Gray) B. Rob
Lygodesmia juncea (Pursh.) D.Don ex Hook.
Conyza spp. Less.
Isocoma wrightii (Gray) Rydb.
Sanvitalia abertii Gray
Gutierezzia microcephala (DC.) Gray
Machaeranthera blepharyphylla (Gray) Shinners
Brickellia brachyphylla (Gray) Gray
Brickellia laciniata Gray
Brickellia veronicaefolia
      Annotated by R. Turner, Austin, TX
Margaranthus solanaceus Schlecht.
Machaeranthera pinnatifida (Hook.) Shinners
Helianthus annuus L.
Hymenoxys scaposa (DC.) K.Parker
Psilostrophe tagetina (Nutt.) Greene
Flourensia cernua DC.
Machaeranthera tanacetifolia (H.B.K.) Nees
Hymenoclea monogyra Torr. & Gray
Melempodium leucanthum Torr. & Gray
Dyssodia acerosa DC.
Penstemon fendleri Torr. & Gray
Parthenium incanum H.B.K.
Cirsium undulatum (Nutt.) spreng.
Chrysothamnus pulchellus (Gray) Greene
Yerba raton
Spinyleaf zinnia
Skeletonleaf goldeneye
Cowpen daisy
Louisianna sagewort
Brownfoot
Babywhite aster
Goldenweed
Tatalencho
Trailing fleabane
Broom snakeweed
Bluntscale bahia
Yerba de pasmo
Greenthread
Thurber’s dogweed
Skeletonplant
Conyza
Jimmyweed
Abert’s dome
Threadleaf snakeweed
Naked goldenweed
Guadalupe brickellia
Cutleaf brickelbush
Chihuahua brickellia

False ground-cherry
Cutleaf goldenweed
Annual sunflower
Clustered bitterweed
Woolly paper-flower
Tarbush
Tansyleaf spine aster
Burrobush
Rough blackfoot
Prickleaf dogweed
Fenler penstemon
Mariola
Wavyleaf thistle
Southwest rabbitbush
Berberidaceae BEHA Berberis haematocarpa Wooton Algerita
Bignoniaceae CHLI2 Chilopsis linearis (Cav.) Sweet Desert willow
Boraginaceae LESQU
LIMU3
COCA2
LIIN2
COGR
CRJA2
Lesquerella spp. S. Wats.
Lithospermum multiflorum Torr. ex Gray
Coldenia (Tiquilia) canescens DC.
Lithospermum multiflorum Torr. ex Gray
Coldenia greggii (Torr. & Gray) Gray
Cryptantha jamesii (Torr.) Payson
Bladderpod
Multiflower puccoon
Spreading coldenia
Multiflower puccoon
Plume coldenia
James cryptanth
Brassicaceae NECA3
ERCA14
Nerisyrenia camporum (Gray) Greene
Erysimum capitatum (Dougl. ex Hook.) Greene
Bicolor greggia
Western wall-flower
Cactaceae COVI9
OPPO
COST
COMA2
CSDG*
OPIM
OPPHM
ECLL
EPITH
OPLE
OPPH
ECTR
ECHO
ECCH
Coryphantha vivipara (Nutt.) Britton & Rose
Opuntia polyacantha Haw.
Coryphantha strobiliformis (Poselg.) Orcutt
Coryphantha (Mammillaria) macromeris (Engelm.) Lem.
Cactus seedling
Opuntia imbricata (Haw.) DC.
Opuntia phaeacantha var. major Engelm./Engelm.
Echinocereus lloydii Britton & Rose
Mammillaria lasiacantha Engelm.
Opuntia leptocaulis DC.
Opuntia phaeacantha Engelm.
Echinocereus triglochidiatus Engelm.
Echinocactus horizonthalonius Lem.
Echinocereus chloranthus (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Ruempl.
Spiny star
Starvation cactus
Cob cory cactus
Nipple beehive

Tree cholla
Major prickly pear
Lloyd’s hedgehog
Golf ball pincushion
Christmas cholla
Purple-fruited prickly pear
Claret-cup hedgehog
Blue barrel
Brown-spine hedgehog
Capparidaceae KOSP Koberlinia spinosa Zuccar. Allthorn
Caryophyllaceae PAJA Paronchia jamesii Torr. & Gray Jame’s nailwort
Chenopodiaceae CHAL7
CHIN2
ATCA2
EULA5
Chenopodium album L.
Chenopodium incanum (S. Wats.) A. Heller
Atriplex canescens (Pursh) Nutt.
Eurotia lanata (Pursh) Moq.
Lamb’s quarter
Goose-foot
Fourwing saltbush
Common winterfat
Convolvulaceae IPLI
COEQ
EVPI
Ipomoea lindheimeri Gray
Convolvulus equitans Benth.
Evolvulus pilosus Nutt.
Blue morning glory
Texas bindweed
Silver morning glory
Cornaceae GAOVG Garrya ovata subsp. goldmanii Benth./(Wooton & Standl.)
     G. Y. Dahling
Mexican silktassel
Cucurbitaceae CUFO
IBTE
Cucurbita foetidissima H.B.K.
Ibervillea tenuisecta (Gray) Small
Buffalo gourd
Globeberry
Ephedracee EPVI Ephedra viridis Coville Green ephedra
Euphorbiaceae EUGL3
EULA3
CRDI6
EUPHO
EURE4
EUSE6
EUGE
PHPO3
TRST
Euphorbia glyptosperma Engelm.
Euphorbia lata Engelm.
Croton dioicus Cav.
Euphorbia spp. L.
Euphorbia revoluta Engelm.
Euphorbia serrula Engelm.
Euphorbia geyeri Engelm.
Phyllanthus polygonoides Nutt. ex Spreng.
Tragia stylaris Muell.Arg.
Ridgeseed spurge
Hoary spurge
New Mexico croton
Spurge
Rolled spurge
Sawtooth spurge
Geyer spurge
Leaf-flower
Noseburn
Fabaceae PRGL2
PESC3
MIBO2
CABA6
RHTE
DAFO
DAJA
ASTRAG
ASNU4
HOJA
Prosopis glandulosa Torr.
Petaria scoparia Gray
Mimosa borealis Gray
Cassia bauhinioides Gray
Rhyncosia texana Torr. & Gray
Dalea formosa Torr.
Dalea jamesii (Torr.) Torr. & Gray
Astragalus spp. L.
Astragalus nuttallianus DC.
Hoffmanseggia jamesii Torr. & Gray
Honey mesquite
Camote del monte
Fragrant mimosa
Bauhin senna
Texas snoutbean
Feather dalea
James dalea
Locoweed
Nuttall milkvetch
Jame’s hog-potato
Fouquieriaceae FOSP2 Fouquieria splendens Engelm. Ocotillo
Hydrophyllaceae NAHI
PHIN2
Nama hispidum Gray
Phacelia intermedia Wooton
Rough poolmat
Bluecurls
Krameriaceae KRLA Krameria lanceolata Torr. Trailing krameria
Lamiaceae HEPU12
SACYH

SALY
SADA2
HEHY
Hedeoma pulcherrimum Woon & Standl.
Sarcostemma cynanchoides var. hartwegii Decne./(Vail)      Shinners
Salvia lycioides Gray
Salvia davidsonii Greenm.
Hedeoma hyssopifolium Gray
Mock-pennyroyal
Arroyo twin-vine

Canyon sage
David’s mint
Sweet scent
Liliaceae ALCE2
YUTO
YUEL
YUBA
DASYL
NOTE
Allium cernuum Roth
Yucca torreyi J. A. Shafer
Yucca elata Engelm.
Yucca bacatta Torr.
Dasylirion spp. Zuccar.
Nolina texana S.Wats.
Nodding onion
Torrey’s yucca
Soaptree yucca
Banana yucca
Sotol
Texas sacahuiste
Linaceae LILE3
LIPU4
Linum lewisii Pursh
Linum puberulum (Engelm.) A. Heller
Lewis flax
Plains flax
Malvaceae ABWR
SPCO
SPSU
SPHAE
Abutilon wrightii Gray
Sphaeralcea coccinea (Nutt.) Rydb.
Sphaeralcea subhastata coult.
Sphaeralcea ST.-Hil
Wright abutilon
Scarlet globemallow
Wrinkled globemallow
Gloemallow
Mimosaceae ACCO2 Acacia constricta Benth. Mescat acacia
Nyctaginaceae CYGY
MIOX
ALIN
MIMU
MILI3
Cyphomeris gypsophiloides (M. Mart. & Gale.) Standl.
Mirabilis oxybaphoides (Gray) Gray
Allionia incarnata L.
Mirabilis multiflora (Torr.) Gray
Mirabilis linearis (Pursh) Heimerl.
Red cyphomeris
Oxybaphus four o’clock
Pink windmills
Desert four o’clock
Ribbon four o’clock
Oleaceae MESC Menodora scabra Gray Rough twinpod
Onagraceae OEBR Oenothera brachycarpa Gray Longfin evening primrose
Pinaceae PIED
JUMO
Pinus edulis Engelm.
Juniperus monosperma (Engelm.) Sarg.
Pinyon pine
One-seed juniper
Plantaginaceae PLPAG Plantago patagonica gnaphalioides Jacq./(Nutt.) Gray Woolly plaintain
Poaceae LYSE*
ERPU8
HIMU2
ERPI5
GCOT*
ARFE4
MUEM
MUFI
MUHLE
MUPA2
MUPO2
MUPU2
MURE
MUSE
MUTO2
ERIN
BOGR2
BOHI2
BOLI2
ENDE
ELLO*
DICA8
STIPA1*
SPORO
SPGI
BOBA3
PAHA
SPCR
ARIST
ARPU9
TRNE2
PENA
TRMU
SPCO4
TRIDE
TRBE
SCBR2
BOBA2
SELE6
BOBR
STIPA2*
BOUTE
BOER4
BOCU
STIPA3*
Lycurus setosus (Nutt.) C.Reeder
Erioneuron pulchellum (H.B.K.) Tateoka
Hilaria mutica (Buckley) Benth.
Erioneuron pilosum (Buckely) Nash
Grass cotyledon
Aristida purpurea var. fendleri Nutt./Vasey
Muhlenbergia emersleyi Vasey
Muhlenbergi filiculmis Vasey
Muhlenbergia spp. Schreb.
Muhlenbergia pauciflora Buckley
Muhlenbergia porteri Scribn. ex W. J. Beal
Muhlenbergia pungens Thurb.
Muhlenbergia repens (J.Presl.) A. Hitchc.
Muhlenbergia setifolia Vasey
Muhlenbergia torreyi (Kunth) A. Hitchc. EX Bush.
Eragrostis intermedia A. Hitchc.
Bouteloua gracilis (H.B.K.) Lag. ex Griffiths
Bouteloua hirsuta Lag.
Boerhavia linearifolia Gray
Enneapogon desvauxii Beauv.
Elymus longifolius (Smith) Gould
Digitaria californica (Benth.) Henr.
Stipa viridula Trin.
Sporobolus spp. R.Br.
Sporobolus giganteus Nash
Bothriochloa barbinodes (Lag.) Herter
Panicum hallii Vasey
Sporobulus cryptandrus (Torr.) Gray
Aristida spp. L.
Aristida purpurea Nutt.
Tridens nealleyi (Vasey) Wooton & Standl.
Perezia nana Gray
Tridens muticus (Torr.) Nash
Sporobolus contractus A. Hitchc.
Tridens spp. Roem. & J. A. Schultes
Tragus berteronianus J. A. Schultes
Scleropogon brevifolius Philippi
Bouteloua barbata Lag.
Setaria leucopila (Scribn. & Merrill) K. Schum.
Bouteloua breviseta Vasey
Stipa viridula/robusta (Vasey) Scribn.
Bouteloua spp. Lag. Mut. Lag.
Bouteloua eriopoda (Torr.) Torr.
Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr.
Stipa robusta/eminens/tenuissima Cav./Trin.
Wolftail
Fluffgrass
Tobosa grass
Hairy tridens

Fendler’s threeawn
Bullgrass
Slimstem muhly
Muhly
New Mexico muhly
Bush muhly
Sandhill muhly
Creeping muhly
Curlyleaf muhly
Ring muhly
Plains lovegrass
Blue grama
Hairy grama
Narrowleaf spiderling
Spike pappusgrass
Longleaf squirreltail
Arizona cottontop
Green needlegrass
Dropseed
Giant dropseed
Cane bluestem
Hall’s panicum
Sand dropseed
Threeawn
Purple threeawn
Nealley tridens
Desert holly
Slender tridens
Spike dropseed
Tridens
Spike burgrass
Burrograss
Sixweeks grama
Plains bristlegrass
Gyp grama
Sleepygrass
Grama
Black grama
Sideoats grama
Southwestern needlegrass
Polemoniaceae GIRIA
PHTR
IPLO2
GIRI
Gilia rigidula var. acerosa Benth./(Gray) Wherry
Phlox triovulata Thurb. ex Torr.
Ipomopsis longiflora (Torr.) V. Grant
Gilia rigidula Benth.
Needleleaf gilia
Phlox
Paleflower gilia
Spreading gilia
Polygalaceae POSC2
POOB POMA7
POAL4
Polygala scoparioides Chodat
Polygala obscura Benth.
Polygala macradenia Gray
Polygala alba Nutt.
Small-flowered milkwort
Veiledseed milk-wort
Mat milkwort
White milkwort
Polygonaceae ERJA
ERHI3
Eriogonum jamesii Benth.
Eriogonum hieracifolium Benth.
Jame’s wild-buckwheat
Hawkweed
      wild-buckwheat
Polypodiaceae NOCO2 Notholaena cochisensis Goodd. Cloak fern
Portulacaceae TAAU Taliunum aurantiacum Engelm. Orange flameflower
Portulacaceae TAAUA
TAPU
POMU2
POOL
Taliunum aurantiacum angustissimum Engelm./Gray
Talinum pulchellum W & Standl.
Portulaca mundula I. Johnst.
Portulaca oleracea L.
Yellow flameflower
Showy flameflower
Chisma
Yellow-flower purslane
Ranunculaceae CLDR Clematis drummondii Torr. & Gray Texas virgins-bower
Rhamnaceae CEGR
COER5
COWA
Ceanothus greggii Gray
Condalia ericoides (Gray) M. Johnst.
Condalia warnockii M. Johnst.
Desert ceanothus
Javelinabush
Warnock condalia
Rosaceae CEMOP

CEMOG

FAPA
Cercocarpus montanus var. paucidentatus (S.Wats.)
      F. L. Martin
Cercocarpus montanus
var. glaber (S.Wats.) F. L. Martin

Fallugia paradoxa
(D.Don) Endl.
Shaggy mountain
      mahogany
Smooth mountain
      mahogany
Apache plume
Rubiaceae HOAC
HOACP
1 HOPO
THTE2
Houstonia acerosa (Gray) Gray ex Benth. & Hook.
Houstonia acerosa var. polypremoides (Gray) Terrell
Houstonia acerosa var. polypremoides Small
Thamnosma texana (Gray) Torr.
Needleleaf bluets
Needleleaf bluets
Needleleaf bluets
Cordocillo
Rutaceae CHDU Choisya dumosa (Torr.) Gray Mexican orange
Scrophulariaceae CALA24
CASE5
CATO7
MAAN6
PAOB
Castilleja lanata Gray
Castilleja sessiliflora Pursh
Castilleja tortifolia Pennell
Maurandya antirrhiniflora Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.
Panicum obtusum H.B.K.
Woolly paintbrush
Downy paintbrush
Twistleaf paintbrush
Snapdragon maurandya
Vine mesquite
Solanaceae PHHEC2
PHHE4
SOLAN
SOEL
CHSO
LYAN
Physalis hederaefolia var. cordifolia Gray/(Gray) Waterfall
Phylas hederaefolia Gray
Solanum spp. L.
Solanum eleagnifolium Cav.
Chamaesaracha sordida (Dunal) Gray
Lycium andersonii L.
Heartleaf groundcherry
Heartleaf groundcherry
Nightshade
Elegant nightshade
Pale false-nightshade
Anderson’s wolfberry
Ulmaceae CELA Celtis laevigata var. reticulata (Torr.) Benson Sugar hackberry
Verbenaceae ALWR Aloysia wrightii (Gray) A.Heller Oreganillo
Zygophyllaceae KAHI
LATR
Kallstroemia hirsutissima Vail ex Small
Larrea tridentata (Sesse & Mocino ex DC.) Coville
Hairy caltrop
Creosote
Other species observed along arroyos but not on sample locations
Cyperaceae JUDE Juniperus deppeana Alligator juniper
Poaceae LEDU Leptochloa dubia Green sprangletop
Rosaceae ROWO Rosa woodsii Wood’s rose
Verbenaceae VEWR Verbena wrightii Wright’s vervain
References Cited for Identification
     Allred, Kelly W. 1993
     Britton, N.L. and J.N. Rose, 1963
     Correll, D.S. and M.C. Johnston, 1970
     Hitchcock, A.S. 1950
Martin, W.C. and C.R. Hutchins, 1980
Powell, Michael A. 1988
Soil Conservation Service, 1982
Wooton, E.O. and P.C. Standley, 1972
Additional References Cited for Common Names
     Agilvsgi, Geyata 1984
     Earle, W. Hubert, 1980
     Fischer, Pierre C., 1989
     Gould, Frank W. 1981
     Harrington, H.D. 1964
Kearney, Thomas H. and Robert K. Peebles, 1960
Niehaus, Theodore F., et al. 1984
Vines, Robert A. 1986
Warnock, Barton H. 1970
Warnock, Barton H. 1974
Warnock, Barton H. 1977
*Acronym provided is not listed in the SCS (1984) publication.

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Literature Cited

Agilvsgi, G. 1984. Wildflowers of Texas. Shearer Publishing, Fredericksburg, TX.

Allred, K. W. 1993. A Field Guide to the Grasses of New Mexico. Agr. Exp. Sta., New Mex. State Univ, Las Cruces, NM.

Britton, N. L. and J. N. Rose, 1963. The Cactaceae (Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family, Vol. I-IV). Dover Pub. Inc. NY.

Bureau of Land Management. 1980. Draft Environmental Impact Statement: Grazing Management, McGregor EIS Area, New Mexico. USDI Bureau of Land Management, Las Cruces, NM.

Correll, D. S. and M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas. Texas Research Foundation. Renner, TX.

Earle, W. H. 1980. Cacti of the Southwest. Rancho Arroyo Book Distributor. Tempe, AZ.

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Printed and electronically distributed May 1997, Las Cruces, NM.