Issue: August 31, 2002

Pruning Ficus benjamina

Question:

I have a 1-1/2 " diameter Ficus benjamina that is extremely happy but has grown to an unruly shape. It is located in a banker's office, and the officer would like to have the tree "ball" shaped. It has grown into a great big, droopy "Y". Is there a way to trim it back now without damaging it? - Celeste T.

Answer:

I am reluctant to encourage the pruning of a tree to a form that is unnatural for the tree, but the tropical ficus, when well grown will tolerate many humiliations. It can be trimmed to a "ball" shape, but it will not remain in that form. You will need to prune occasionally to maintain the form.

As with all trees, I recommend proper pruning with regard to the major cuts; that is, don't top the tree. Prune a long branch back to its juncture with a smaller branch. Choose a branch that is at least one-third the diameter of the branch being cut. This smaller branch may also be pruned back in the same manner.

It is best for the tree if you make pruning cuts outside the „branch collarš (the swelling at the base of the branch) to avoid damage to the remaining portion of the tree. Pruning paints are not needed.

When you have the tree in the proportions you want, you can prune the remaining twigs back to a bud. As the tree grows, use this pruning technique of pruning twigs that are only one-to-two seasons old.

If a great deal of pruning is required, do the pruning over time. It is best not to remove more than 10 to 30 percent of the leafy bearing wood in a single growing season. The ficus may tolerate somewhat more pruning, but that depends on the health of the tree, the light conditions in the office, and other environmental and management factors. Don‚t fertilizer to compensate for heavy pruning. You may stimulate rapid regrowth at the expense of the tree‚s overall health and ability to resist diseases and insects.

Another consideration is to choose a tree that has a different form. Ficus retusa var. nitida is a more upright growing ficus and often more tolerant of office conditions than the Ficus benjamina. Since it is more upright (stiff-looking), it may form into the desired ball more easily than a tree that has a natural weeping form.

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Send your gardening questions to Yard and Garden, ATTN: Dr. Curtis Smith NMSU Cooperative Extension Service 9301 Indian School Road, NE, Suite 112 Albuquerque, NM 87112

Curtis W. Smith, Ph.D., is an Extension Horticulture Specialist with New Mexico State University's Cooperative Extension Service. New Mexico State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action employer and educator.

Please join us on Southwest Yard & Garden, a weekly garden program made for gardeners in the Southwest on: KNME-TV Albuquerque at 9:30 p.m. Saturdays, KENW-TV Portales at 10 a.m. Saturdays, and KRWG-TV Las Cruces at 11:30 a.m. Saturdays (repeated at 1 p.m. Thursdays.)